Guide:The abbreviation of polyester and viscose fabrics is T/R, R means Rayon, which means viscose, so is Visose also viscose? How is Modal and Tencel distinguished?
This article will relieve you of these doubts
Regenerated cellulose fiber is made of natural cellulose such as cotton linters, wood, bamboo, bagasse, reed, etc. through chemical treatment and mechanical processing.
Among chemical fibers, Viscose, Modal, Lyocell, Triacetate, Polynosic, Cupro and bamboo Fiber, etc, all of them belong to the category of regenerated cellulose fibers.
Viscose and Rayon both represent viscose fiber, there is no difference. In some places, Viscose Rayon is also used to represent viscose fiber.
In Europe, the ISO standard is used to use "VISCOSE", while the US FTC is used to using "RAYON". Later, ISO's Vicose was also recognized.
In China, in order to distinguish between viscose filament and staple fiber, some people use Viscose to represent filament, which is called "VISCOSE", and Rayon to represent staple fiber, which is called "RAYON".
(We can call it the first generation viscose fiber)
Modal is a regenerated cellulose fiber with high wet modulus (HWM). (See the second category in Table 1)
In the early 1940s, Japan successfully developed a high-moisture modulus viscose staple fiber, called "Toramomen Tiger Kapok". China also produced this fiber in 1965, named "Fuqiang Fiber", or "Fu Fiber" for short. "This kind of fiber overcomes the fatal shortcomings of viscose fiber, and its performance is close to cotton fiber. In the early 1950s, high wet modulus viscose fiber realized industrial production.
The most famous is the Austrian Lenzing company. They named the regenerated cellulose fiber with high wet modulus Lenzing Modal. Later, the term Modal was also synonymous with high wet modulus viscose fiber. Now ISO Modal's fiber classification is already in the standard, and Modal can be used on the textile tag.
(We can call it the second generation viscose fiber)
Tencel is the brand name of Lyocell fiber produced by Acocdis Company in the United Kingdom, and the registered Chinese name is "Tencel" in China. The Lyocell fiber of the Austrian Lenzing (Lenzing) company is named: Lenzing-Lyocell.
In 2004, the Austrian Lenzing company acquired Tencel (Tencel) subsidiary of Acordis company, therefore, Tencel also became the trademark of Lenzing.
Lyocell fiber is a high-strength regenerated cellulose fiber. (See the third category in Table 1.) In 1989, it was officially named by the International Committee of Man-made Fibers and Synthetic Fibers. The FTC in the United States has classified Lyocell as a classification of viscose fibers that can be used in textile labels.
(We can call it the third generation viscose fiber)
Viscose fiber production process